Profile of Ghana

Profile of Ghana

Official Name : Republic of Ghana


National Day : 6 March


Capital City : Accra


Head of State : H.E. John Dramani Mahama


Location : West Africa, bordered by Burkina Faso to the North,
Togo to the East, Cote d’Ivoire to the West and the
Gulf of Guinea (Ocean) to the South


Land size : 238,537sq km


Population : 24.2 million (2010 est.)


Time Zone : GMT (Ghana does not operate day-light saving time)


Languages spoken : English (official language) Twi, Ewe, Ga,
Dagbani, Hausa, others


Religion : Christian (68.8%), Muslim (15.9%), Traditional
Religion and Others (15.3%)


Legal system : Based on English Common Law system


Currency : Ghana Cedis - GH¢1.00 = US$3.13 (Sep. 2014)


Real GDP Growth : 7.9 % (2012),


Per Capita Income : US$1,900 (2012)


Inflation : 13.3 % (December 2012)


Monetary Policy Rate : 13.50 % (December 2010)


Main Economic : Agriculture (31.7%), Service (49.5 %),
Sectors (2009) Industry (18.9%)


Exports : US$7.959 billion (2009)


Main Exports : Cocoa, Gold, Timber, Tuna, Bauxite,
Aluminum, Manganese Ore, Diamonds, Horticulture
Imports : US$10.789 billion (2009)


Main Imports : Capital equipment, Petroleum products,
Pharmaceuticals, Food & consumer items.


Climate : Tropical climate with average temperatures of 26° C

Airports : Kotoka International Airport (Int.), Kumasi Airport,
Tamale Airport , Takoradi Airport, Sunyani Airport


Harbours : Tema Harbour and Takoradi Harbour


Government portal : www.ghana.gov.gh



Ghana is a West African country, bounded on the north by Burkina Faso, on the east by Togo, on the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the west by Cote d'Ivoire. Formerly a British colony known as the Gold Coast, was led to independence by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah on the 6th of March, 1957. Ghana became the first black nation in sub-Saharan Africa to achieve independence from colonial rule. The country is named after the ancient empire of Ghana, from which the ancestors of the inhabitants of the present country are thought to have migrated.